Apple OS review: – history, OS versions, & pros
Access to the internet without antivirus protection? Add or remove programs with a simple click? For those who work on a computer with Windows, the above is associated with serious problems or even impossible, but for owners of Apple computers this is common.
- After all, the Mac OS X operating system is not only more user friendly than Windows, but also immune to widespread malware for Microsoft’s OS. However, in this barrel of honey there is a fly in the ointment, and not one…
Apple OS review – what does Mac OS X mean?
Mac OS-short for Macintosh Operating System, that is, the operating system for Apple Macintosh computers. According to legend, the name Macintosh came from the favorite apple variety of Jeff Ruskin, then a leading Apple developer (in fact, they were called McIntosh, but this trademark was already occupied).
X is the Roman numeral 10: the first version of Mac OS X was simultaneously the tenth version of Mac OS. In addition, X alludes to the Unix – based OS X family of operating systems, which, in addition to the regular and server versions of Mac OS X, includes Apple TV OS (OS for the Apple TV media center) and Apple iOS (OS for the iPod, iPhone and iPad).
When Mac OS appeared
Apple has been using Mac OS since 1984, when the first Apple Macintosh computer was introduced. However, then the operating system was still known under the name Macintosh System Software.
- At that time, Apple’s OS was far ahead of its competitors from the IBM PC world in terms of usability – it already had a graphical interface and a mouse in addition to the usual keyboard.
All this made it possible to display texts on the monitor as they would look on paper after printing, and the user no longer needed to enter commands – for the first time, he could simply select them with a mouse click.
Finally, it was on Mac OS that multitasking was first applied. For PC owners, such features became available only after 6 years, with the release of Windows 3.0 in 1990.
Apple OS review – The first Mac OS X
The first version of Mac OS X appeared in 2001. Since each version was named after a wild cat, the last one – 10.6-is named “Snow Leopard”.
The first version of Mac OS was released in 1984. Thanks to the graphical interface and the presence of a mouse, working with the Macintosh was much more convenient than with the IBM PC of that time.
What are the pros of Mac OS X compared to Windows
Simple operation. Working with Mac programs is usually easier than working with Windows software. One example is the iLife package installed on any Macintosh computer.
It allows you to easily manage photos and music, process videos, and record the result to disks. Anyone who has mastered one of the programs for Mac OS X can easily cope with other software – applications for this operating system are much more similar to each other than programs for Windows.
- Stable operation. Mac OS X was created specifically for Apple computers, so software failures in their work occur less often. Availability of drivers. The Mac OS X installation DVD contains many drivers.
This saves time, such as when installing a printer. For comparison, Mac OS X contains more drivers for modern devices than Windows XP. But Windows Vista and the “seven”, which appeared later, are no longer inferior to Apple’s OS in this parameter.
A small amount of malware. The list of viruses attacking Ma cintosh computers remains small. They can only do harm when the user launches them with a double-click. Programs that infect mail when reading emails or opening a web page are still unknown.
Graphical user interface
And The Programs. The most necessary programs, as in Windows, are placed on the Quick
Launch Panel (Dock).
- B Files. Frequently used files can also be placed individually or as a group on the Dock.
- To the Desktop. It shows the connected drives. You can also create folders and files here.
- D Basket. To delete files and even programs, simply drag the corresponding icon to the Trash and release the mouse button.
- D Menu ruler. Practical: in the Apple OS review, only the menu bar of the program that is currently active is always visible.
- E Information menu. In this menu, Mac OS X shows, for example, the quality of the WLAN reception or the degree of battery charge.
Simple security confirmations. To make changes to the Mac OS, such as updating the operating system or installing a new program, usually the user only needs to enter a password. Windows is more demanding in such cases: it offers to perform several confirmation actions.
In the iMac, all the components of the computer are hidden in the monitor. Apple offers two models – with a screen diagonal of 21.5 inches and 27 inches.
In the iMac, all the components of the computer are hidden in the monitor. Apple offers two models – with a screen diagonal of 21.5 inches and 27 inches.
- Apple produces three series of laptops: the MacBook (the initial model), the MacBook Pro, and the MacBook Air.The Mac mini is very quiet and takes up no more space than a stack of CDs.
Easy installation. It doesn’t matter what the operating system or program is – for Mac OS X, this procedure is easier than a child’s game.
For example, the operating system is installed with a DVD with a few mouse clicks. In addition, programs and files are easily transferred from another installed Mac OS X.
To install a new program, the user just needs to double-click on the image file and then drag the program icon to the appropriate folder on the hard disk. Only some Mac OS X applications require an installation distribution, as in Windows.
- To delete a program, you usually just need to drag its icon to the Trash and release the mouse button. Time consuming and lengthy uninstall procedures are rare
What are the cons of Mac OS X compared to Windows
Fewer choice of computers. Mac OS X is basically designed only for Apple computers. Now there are a huge number of options for Windows PCs from many manufacturers, but the Macintosh is produced only by Apple, so the range of such computers is quite narrow.
- As an alternative to the desktop PC, the company produces an iMac, all the components of which are hidden in the monitor.
- High price. Macintosh computers are usually more expensive than comparable performance PCs.
This is how much the cheapest MacBook costs. And if the difference is almost imperceptible in the lower segment, then the most powerful Apple computers can cost twice as much as comparable PCs.
Fewer programs. The number of applications for Mac has increased in recent years, but the choice is still not as large as for Windows.
Nevertheless, you can choose a suitable program for almost any task. You only need broadband Internet access, because it is very difficult to find and buy Mac software on disks (especially legal ones).
- Almost complete absence of games. They are developed primarily for consoles and Windows computers. Although the selection of games for Mac is very modest, there are real gems among them, such as the X-Plane 9 flight simulator or the Guitar Hero 3 music game.
On any Macintosh, you can find a number of programs to solve problems and expand the functionality of the OS. These include applications that are similar to those used in the Windows environment; moreover, some programs are so popular that their versions for the Microsoft OS later appear.
These include, for example, the iTunes music center, with which you can copy tunes to Apple’s iPod series MP3 players. When choosing an Internet browser, many Mac OS users do not trust the pre-installed Safari, and the fast and reliable Mozilla Firefox is more popular.
Apple OS review – Address Book: You can store extensive contact information, such as phone numbers or postal and Internet addresses
Automator: The program is responsible for performing routine tasks, such as simultaneously processing 100 photos and converting them to another format. This saves time and nerves.
- Dashboard: Like the Sidebar in Windows Vista, it allows you to display small auxiliary programs (so-called widgets) on the Desktop, such as the current weather forecast or a calculator.
Finder: Allows you to search, copy, move, or delete files-similar to Windows Explorer. With the built-in preview function, the user can view many files without running specialized programs.
Garage Band: This recording software contains an extensive library of instruments and samples. It can work with multiple tracks. It is easy to manage the program – even beginners will not have any difficulties.
- ICAL: You can use the ICAL calendar software to manage your business schedule. You can use iTunes, iSync, or the paid Mobile Me service to automatically transfer your schedule to other devices, such as your iPod or mobile phone.
- iChat: A chatterbox program for exchanging text, audio, or video messages over the Internet.
- iMovie: provides very convenient video processing and editing. You can then use iDVD to burn the movie to DVD.
- iPhoto: manages the photo archive, with its help, photos are automatically distributed in folders, ordered by the time of changes. It is equipped with simple processing functions, such as the ability to remove red-eye effects.
- iTunes: Manages your music collection and helps you buy music and videos from the iTunes Store. In addition, the program can copy music to MP3 players of the iPod-series.
Safari: Apple’s browser displays web pages quickly, and font smoothing improves the readability of text.
Spaces: allows you to group all open program windows. This allows you to create a virtual Desktop for any task.
Spotlight: The built-in search function quickly searches for files, programs, or mail, not only by name, but also by file content.
- Time Machine: The utility automatically creates a backup copy of the data at the user’s request, if you connect an external hard drive to the computer. Preview: The program allows you to view images and documents, such as PDF files and JPEG photos.
What versions of Mac OS X are available
There are two versions of Mac OS X: one version for desktop PCs and laptops and the other version for servers, which is called Mac OS X Server.
All releases of the tenth Mac OS, except for the version number (from 10.0 to 10.6), are traditionally named after one of the representatives of the cat family.
- Cheetah (cheetah) and Puma (cougar). The first version of Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah) was released in March 2001. The new OS was different from the previous Mac OS systems and was a kind of Apple breakthrough.
But at the same time, the new product contained many errors, and in addition, Mac OS X 10.0 was missing some features. Therefore, almost immediately there was a free update 10.1 (Puma).
- Jaguar (jaguar). Since version 10.2, graphics cards have learned hardware acceleration of the graphics shell-similar to the Aero technology in Windows Vista.
- Panther (panther). Version 10.3 was released on the operating system market in October 2003. In Panther, among other things, the FileVault encryption technology was introduced.
- Tiger (tiger). Apple introduced version 10.4 in April 2005. It has a very convenient search function Spotlight and Dashboard – a shell for mini-programs (so-called widgets).
Essential programs for Windows and their Alternatives for Mac OS X
When switching from Windows to Mac OS X, it is often impossible to use familiar programs without using additional software or creating a virtual environment.
But today, many popular Windows apps are also available in the Mac version, such as Microsoft Office, Google Picasa, or Earth. For all the others, you can choose a decent replacement.
- For example, the iLife software package installed on the Mac, which contains, among other things, the iPhoto, iMovie, and iDVD multimedia applications.
The only thing missing is tax optimization programs – currently, there is only the free Elster for Mac OS X. If its capabilities are not enough, you will have to switch to a PC and Windows. The same applies to many specialized applications, with the possible exception of design applications.
The next version was Mac OS X 10.5, which was released in October 2007. For the first time, it introduced the Boot Camp helper application for installing Windows as a second OS, the Time Machine data backup program, the Quick Look file content preview feature, and other significant innovations.
Snow Leopard (snow leopard)
On August 28, 2009, the latest version to date, 10.6, was released, which can use more working memory (theoretically up to 16 TB).
Many of the programs that came with it received a 64-bit set of commands and began to work much faster. In addition, the version supports Intel processors – this means that the outdated Motorola PowerPC processors have finally gone out of the way.
In addition to the serial number, the versions are also assigned a second number, indicating which free updates and bug fixes were made, similar to Windows service packs. The latest Mac OS X update has the number 10.6.3.
Do Apple computers only run Mac OS X?
Mac OS X is intended only for installation on Apple computers, the license agreement prohibits its use on traditional PCs. Nevertheless, on the Internet, you can easily find guides for installing Mac OS X on a PC, most of which relate to the so called OSx86 project.
Its name comes from a combination of the names of the OS X family and the x86 microprocessor architecture used in PCs. Subsequently, personal computers with Mac OS X installed were called “hackintosh” (from the English hack and Macintosh).
Apple OS review: this is how Windows works on a Mac
The Boot Camp helper program allows you to install Windows on any Mac with an Intel processor. After that, when starting the computer, the user must select the operating system that is needed at the moment.
This is even easier with Parallels Desktop – the program installs Windows as a virtual machine under Mac OS X. The advantage of this two-in-one solution is that both operating systems can run simultaneously, thus providing convenient data exchange between the programs of these systems. However, to work with a virtual environment, the Mac must have at least 2 GB of RAM.
- The project was born in 2005, when Apple announced the transfer of its computers to Intel processors. In January 2006, the Mac OS X 10.4.4 update for the first generation of Intel based computers was released, and just a month later, a hacked version of the OS appeared with the ability to install on a PC. Despite the opposition from Apple, the project has developed quite successfully and now continues its activities.
One of the key stages of the project’s existence was the appearance of the EFI emulator, which provides interaction between the operating system and the hardware.
Prior to this, all “hacked” versions of macOS X bypassed EFI, which led to unstable operation of the system. In addition, following the emulator in mid-2008, a special USB module EFi-X was created, which cheats Mac OS X and thus provides the installation of the operating system on a PC from the original DVD, without installing any patches.
With the help of special auxiliary programs and, if necessary, the installation DVD with Windows, the user can achieve the launch of Windows applications under Mac OS X. You can do this in the following ways.
Included with Mac OS X 10.6, Boot Camp 3.1 installs Windows on an Apple computer with an Intel processor. To do this, the program creates a separate partition on the hard disk for the Microsoft OS. In addition to Boot Camp, the user will need installation disks with the desired Windows and Mac OS X.
Of course, you can only work in one of two operating systems: either Mac OS X or Windows. During boot, the user, by pressing the Alt key, chooses which operating system to boot.
- The biggest drawback of this method is that the data stored in the hard disk partition with Mac OS X is not available in Windows, since the latter cannot read partitions with the HFS+file system.
Virtualization. Programs such as Parallels Desktop or VMware Fusion create a virtual Windows environment in Mac OS X, using up some of the computer’s power.
Thanks to this, applications for Mac and Windows can be run simultaneously and provide data exchange between them without much difficulty.
Problems can only occur with games and applications that need direct access to computer hardware. Read more about how easy it is to work in a virtual environment in the box above.
- Windows emulation. If you can’t install Windows as a second operating system and don’t want to waste your computer’s resources on a virtual environment, try emulating Windows features with special software, such as CrossOver.
This program only simulates the functions of Windows, making the user’s desired application think that it is running in the OS from Microsoft. Such emulation usually works much slower and less stable than real Windows, and, in addition, not all applications allow themselves to be “deceived”.
On the official CrossOver website, the developers have published a detailed list of programs and games with an indication of the degree of their compatibility – a gold, silver or bronze medal. The advantage of this approach is that you don’t need to buy a Windows license.
Can i use PC accessories on my Mac
Modern PC hardware almost always runs under Mac OS X. Keyboard and mouse for PC. Both of these input devices can work with a Mac if they have a USB connector. Models with an outdated PS / 2 connector can not be used, because the corresponding sockets are simply missing.
The mouse buttons are easy to configure at your own discretion in the system settings (see the figure at the top). The location of the keys on the PC and on the Mac is different. For example, on a Mac, the “.” (dot) symbol is located on the 7 key.
- The assignment of keys can be configured using special programs – for Microsoft keyboards, for example, for Intellitype. Another option is a special driver for PC keyboards.
External hard drives. You can use almost all hard drives. USB flash drives and disks formatted in the NTFS file system, the Mac only reads.
Here it is over Apple OS review. Recording will be possible only after installing the free MacFUSE utility. The built – in disk burning feature in Mac OS X works well with most CD and DVD drives. However, some external models require the Roxio Toast program. Read alsos post – Apple iphone 12 PRO MAX specs, price & shipping date.